A nice little beginners lathe book is the HOW TO RUN A LATHE by South Bend Lathe, Inc. Copies are still available from South Bend, or Lindsay Publications, Inc (on line too).
Lindsay Publications has many older machinery books available as reproductions at very modest prices.
I like the college level machinery texts with lots of cool pictures and quality binding etc. These tend to be very spendy unless purchased used at a student used book store (on campus usuallly). MACHINESHOP OPERATIONS AND SETUPS, by Iascoe, Nelson, and Porter, American Technical Society, Chicago 60637...
MACHINE TOOL TECHNOLOGY by Repp, McCarthy... Bennett & McKnight Publishing Co, Peoria, IL.
TOOL DESIGN by Donaldson, LeCain, and Goold,. publisher: McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, etc... This is an advanced tooling design book for engineering students.
You simplest route would likely be via Lindsay Publishing. Get their free catalog(s) and have fun.