The first farm animals we raised were chickens. They are fairly easy to raise, contain and maintain. Once we were comfortable with chickens we decided to try our luck at sheep. We were able to obtain a flock from a neighbor that we could ask many questions before we brought the sheep home. We also read as much as we could to increase our success and decrease the problems for the sheep. Back then, reading was strictly done in books because the internet was not available yet. Hmmm…..it's been a few years.
We learned so much from our sheep. We went through several different flocks. We sheared them, washed and carded the wool and even learned how to spin on a spinning wheel – kinda. We raised wethers for butcher and had the hides tanned. It was a tremendous learning experience.
Now we are more serious about our herd – which does we keep and why. We want good milk producers that are also good moms. We started here with 12 does and have gradually bred and sold them until we have four now. Only one of them was part of the original herd – One Stripe. Two of the others are her daughters – Velvet and Copper. The fourth doe, Ivory, is the daughter of one of our original does that we kept until this spring. All of these does were kept for their ability to milk, or in Ivory's case, because of her mother's production. Since we kept two of One Stripe's daughters, it does present a challenge with breeding and keeping new stock. We will probably sell Velvet this year and keep a doe from Ivory, or buy an unrelated doe. We bought an unrelated doe last year to add new blood to the herd, but she did not meet the expectations we had for an additional doe. There are always decisions to be made that will hopefully increase the performance of the herd.
We thought about milk cows for years and decided they were just too big for us to handle. And another aspect of our choice is the size of the carcass when it comes to butchering. We now do all of our own butchering and a cow is just too much meat. When times get hard and there is no electricity for freezers and refrigeration, a goat carcass is much more manageable when it comes to preserving the meat, whether by canning or drying. We consider our wethers to be meat on the hoof until the time comes to process them. It is another form of food storage for us. That's why we give our wether's names like Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner.
When we moved here, we got in touch with a local agriculture teacher who set us up with a beef and a hog. He even hauled them to the butcher for us. We bought two freezers and got them partially filled as soon as the meat was ready. This is the last beef we bought. Since then we have fed out a few pigs for butcher. But I just don't like pigs. They ended up going to the butcher at a rather small size because I was finished messing with them. The butcher even laughed at how small they were.
We have close neighbors that raise beef and if we ever need or want any, it would be easy to obtain. There is a family at church that raises excellent pork. So we have access to good, homegrown meat if we choose.
Choosing the right livestock for your family and situation is a very personal thing. There is no right or wrong. We make our decisions based on what we see coming in the future and how we can manage what we have when that time comes.We enjoy the harvest our animals provide everyday. They teach us responsible stewardship and reward us everyday.
Until next time – Fern
Visit Thoughts From Frank and Fern at http://thoughtsfromfrankandfern.blogspot.com/
Black Blade: Goats seem a reasonable choice. The meat is okay and the dairy product is useful especially for those with small children. I have a cousin that has goats and they are a decent source of food.
My vet once told me that goat's milk is a "universal donor" food for orphaned animals - not as ideal as the proper milk but universally tolerated and useful.
Been a city boy all my life but always wanted to live in the country. Started reading MotherEarthNews around 1982 and learned a lot. Lots of info on raising farm animals.
Goats are amazing survival animals, firstly the meat, second the milk, and third you can make a great soap from the milk, lastly they require very little and eat EVERYTHING, a pack of 5-6 goats can feed a family for years and years.
Our biggest problem we have with goats here are the snakes killing them. Im in the process of acquiring about 10 acres I plan on getting goats right away, they will clear the hell out of some land in no time flat.
Plus they dont need too big an area to roam, 5 acres for 5-6 goats is plenty enough and theres a good chance you will have to buy very little food, atleast here where its green and jungle year round.
Goats,chickens, and rabbits are my 3 survival animals, maybe a horse maybe.. I gotta find a good use first, plowing fields or grinding wheats and corn would be good use, but thats way down the road.